Nutritional Management of Anaemia

Are you fatigued, and have you had shortness of breath lately? Have you consulted a doctor or a healthcare provider? 

Do you fear it could be Anemia? Don’t worry; allow me to take you through this condition so that you can have a better understanding of it. 

Anemia is a condition attributed to lower-than-normal hemoglobin or red blood cells. This causes the body to lack oxygen hence the fatigue and shortness of breath you’ve been experiencing.

Various factors, including bleeding, iron deficiency, and certain medical conditions, can cause it. Anemia can also be caused by vitamin A and vitamin E deficiency. To get all the necessary nutrients, you must consume various food in your diet.

Proper nutrition is essential for managing Anemia and preventing its development.

Here are some important nutrients to focus on when managing Anemia through diet:

  1. Iron: Iron is a mineral that is crucial for the manufacturing of red blood cells and hemoglobin. Foods with high iron content include meat, poultry, seafood, beans, nuts, seeds, and fortified cereals. Note that the body absorbs non-heme iron, which is found in plant-based foods, less efficiently than heme iron, which is found in animal-based foods. Eat iron-rich plant-based foods with a source of vitamin C, such as oranges, and strawberries, to increase the absorption of non-heme iron.
  2. Folic acid:  It is a B vitamin that is vital for the production of red blood cells. Foods high in folic acid include leafy green vegetables, beans, and fortified grains.
  3. Vitamin B12: Vitamin B12 is another B vitamin necessary for making red blood cells.  It is found almost only in animal-based foods, including meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, and dairy products. Vegetarians and vegans may be at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency and need to take supplements or eat fortified foods to meet their needs.
  4. Copper: Copper is a mineral that is necessary for the production of red blood cells. Foods high in copper include nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
  5. Stay hydrated: drinking enough fluids, particularly water, is essential to help the body absorb and use these nutrients effectively. Staying hydrated can also help to reduce fatigue, a common symptom of Anemia

In conclusion, proper nutrition is essential for managing Anemia and preventing its development. Focus on Key nutrients like iron, folic acid, vitamin B12, and copper. It is also essential to consume a varied diet and stay hydrated. If you are concerned about Anemia, consult a doctor to provide a proper diagnosis and treatment plan and a nutritionist for diet planning and accountability.

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Wanjiku Gachoka is a seasoned nutritionist with over ten years of experience. Her passion for educating communities on matters related to diet and nutrition has been the driving force behind her work.
Her main goal is to promote health and wellness while advocating for zero hunger.
Her approach to nutrition is grounded in making informed decisions, and she believes knowledge is power.

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